Hay fever is also medically referred to as Allergic Rhinitis. It is a common kind of fever and is known to infect people worldwide. Though hay fever is known to occur during one’s childhood, one can suffer from it at any age. Research says that most people suffer from hay fever but generally do not realise, instead thinking they have a common cough and cold. Scientists have pointed out that years of being exposed to allergic substances generally leads to hay fever. Here we will discuss everything that you need to know about this common hay fever.
Symptoms of Hay Fever
There are a number of common hay fever symptoms that people are known to complain of:
- Constant sneezing
- Congestion in nose
- Constant watery eyes, redness, excessive tears
- Loss of smell and appetite
- Runny Nose
- Sore throat
Types of Hay Fever
There are various types of hay fever out there. If the fever happens during a specific season alone, it is referred to as seasonal allergic rhinitis. On the other hand, if the fever is triggered by something that is found all the year round, it is referred to as perennial allergic rhinitis.
Detection of Hay Fever
Hay fever can be detected with a test called ELISA, which stands for Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay. In this test, various kinds of antibodies are used to change colour to detect and deter an ailment.
What causes Hay Fever
As we all know, hay fever is a kind of allergy. The biggest challenge is to zero in on the exact thing that triggers the allergy. In the medical world, it is believed that allergic rhinitis is mainly triggered by protein that is present in plants. Various trees, weeds and grasses have pollen that is nothing but dry protein; these pollen grains mix with the air and easily transmit to people.
Treatment of Hay fever
Once you detect hay fever, you need to consult an allergist to treat it. The ideal and most effective way to treat hay fever is by eliminating the root because that is triggering the allergy. The problem arises when we are unable to pin point at the exact root cause. Research points out that Histamine is a kind of chemical known to trigger hay fever amongst patients. There are various kinds of treatments available worldwide to deal with this ailment, along with a number of over-the-counter medications to reduce symptoms. Apart from this, one can also opt for specialised treatments like desensitisation and immunotherapy to eradicate hay fever.
Do you suffer from hay fever and allergies? How do you treat them?
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