Are you a grammar police? Correcting other people’s grammar can be a good thing, like upholding the quality of the language. But be careful, some ‘rules’ of English grammar which you’ve probably held on to for years, may be down right wrong. According to Lifehacker, here are popular grammar ‘mistakes’ people love correcting that are actually correct.
1. Saying “I am good” when someone asks “How are you?”
“I am good” is actually preferable to saying “I am well” unless you’re speaking specifically about your health,” says Mignon Fogarty who wrote ‘Good Versus Well’. But it’s hard to get this wrong as it’s a widely used response here in Australia when we’re asked by family, friends and everyone at the supermarket.
2. Splitting infinitives
While some English grammarians, notably Henry Alford in his 1864 book ‘The Queen’s English’, have argued against splitting infinitives, it is not a rule. In fact, sometimes avoiding a split infinitive is downright awkward.
3. Using “over” instead of “more than” to indicate greater numerical value
Even though you’ve been using “more than” to describe a greater amount, like “The stables housed more than a thousand horses,” and “over” to discuss greater spacial dimensions i.e. “The mountain was over 6,096.00m tall,” the Associated Press has announced that “more than” and “over” are now both acceptable ways to indicate greater numerical value.
4. Using “preventative” to mean “preventive”
“Preventative” is considered a perfectly acceptable variant of preventive, one that has been in use for centuries. Grammarist notes that preventive/preventative is just one of many -tive/-tative word pairs that remain inconsistently used, no matter how often the head linguistic honchos try to saddle them with rules.
5. Using “that” instead of “who” as a pronoun to refer to a person
Which one do you think is correct? “That crazy lady who is writing about grammar,” or “That crazy lady that is writing about grammar,”? According to Patricia T. O’Conner’s grammar primer Woe is I: The Grammarphobe’s Guide to Better English in Plain English, either form is correct. Apparently, this is more a question of style than of rules.
6. Using words like “slow” and “quick” as adverbs
Mignon Fogarty points out in “Slow” is what’s known as a flat adverb, meaning that it functions as an adverb despite lacking an -ly ending. So when you see road signs say, “Drive Slow”, it’s not wrong.
7. Ending a sentence with a preposition
Catherine Soanes who wrote on the Oxford Dictionary blog says that not ending a sentence with a preposition is a “fetish” rather than a rule. Here, she offers four examples of when it is perfectly alright (and perhaps even preferable) to end one’s sentence with a preposition:
a) Passive structures (she enjoys being fussed over)
b) Relative clauses (they must be convinced of the commitment that they are taking on)
c) Infinitive structures (Tom had no-one to play with)
d) Questions beginning with who, where, what, etc. (what music are you interested in?)
8. Treating “data” as singular instead of plural
In daily speech, we frequently use data as what’s called a “mass noun,” meaning it has no natural boundary, no individual units that we can count. Charles Carson, managing editor of the journal American Speech, uses “butter” as an example of a mass noun. Sure, you can talk about pats of butter or cups of butter, but when you talk about just butter, you say, “How much butter is in the pie crust?”
9. Using “they” as a singular pronoun
Some modern English usage guides do list “they” as an acceptable singular pronoun and, in the name of evolving language and Fogarty actually recommends that people writing style guides make “they” an acceptable singular.
10. Starting a sentence with “hopefully”
There are people who insist that “hopefully” has one meaning and one meaning only: “in a hopeful manner.” They argue that, in the sentence, “Hopefully, Lauren will stop this inane grammar lesson soon,” that “Lauren” would be stopping “in a hopeful manner.” In 2012, the Associate Press changed its style guidelines to allow writers to start a sentence with “hopefully” to mean “I am hopeful that something will happen.”