Whether you are still working full time or are starting to wind down your tireless work habits, there is never a bad time to try and improve your grammar. For many, years can go by without even realising that the way in which they use certain words is completely wrong.
What’s worse is that after this realisation it can become difficult to break the habit. But have faith in yourself, just a little practice everyday will see you breaking bad word habits in no time at all. The following list is a number of words that are commonly misused or misspelled.
Whose and who’s
“Whose coffee is this?” is correct. Use the non-contracted version of who’s, like, “Who is (the non-contracted version of who’s) coffee is this?” and you will start to sound a little silly.
Number and amount
These words are commonly being misused. Use number when you can count what you refer to: “The number of viewers who watched the show increased last month”. Amount refers to a quantity of something that can’t be counted: “The amount of beer consumed at the party was staggering”. It can get confusing, but just make sure that if you can’t count how much of something there was, you use amount.
Imply and infer
This is one of the most frustrating words on this list, and can be difficult for many to grasp.
The speaker or writer implies, which means to suggest. Whereas it is the listener or reader that infers, which means to deduce, whether correctly or not.
So I could imply you’re going to get fired. And you might infer that your employment termination is imminent, either correctly or incorrectly.
Elicit and illicit
Elicit means to draw out or coax. Think of elicit as the mildest form of extract. Offering someone a reward to do something is a way of eliciting a response, or coaxing a response.
On the other hand, illicit means illegal or unlawful. “Bad people sometimes try to elicit favours from people with the promise of illicit drugs”.
Discreet and discrete
Discreet means careful, cautious, showing good judgment: “We made discreet inquiries to determine whether the farmer would sell his block of land.”
Discrete means individual, separate, or distinct: “We analysed data from a number of discrete market segments to determine overall pricing levels”. And if you get confused, remember you don’t use “discretion” to work through sensitive issues; you exercise discretion.
What words do you get mixed up? Which of these surprised you? Tell us below.