Latest study discovers new potential treatment to freeze prostate cancer growth

May 14, 2022
New study discovers potential new treatment for prostate cancer. Source: Getty

A new study has discovered that targeting the mitochondrial pathway could be the key to stopping the growth of prostate cancer.

Targeting the mitochondrial pathway could result in groundbreaking results as the majority of prostate cancer treatments revolve around hormone therapy.

The mitochondria are the power mill of cells, responsible for helping to create fuel for the body.

mitochondira gt
Mitochondria help turn food into fuel for the body. Source: Getty

PHD University of Colorado Cancer Center mentored member, Cecilia Caino, said hormone therapy isn’t always as effective.

“One of the big challenges we have in the field is that the majority of prostate cancer therapies target hormones,” she said.

“But nearly all patients develop resistance to those drugs and then get a more aggressive disease that starts moving to other parts of the body.

“It’s been confined to the prostate, but now it might move over to the bones or the liver, or the lungs. That’s really a big problem, because when you start to compromise the vital organs, the patient eventually will die.”

In previous research, Caino and her team found that the growth of tumour cells was linked to mitochondria.

“We know that tumour cells are very resistant to stress in general; that’s what makes them so hard to target with therapies,” Caino says.

“But when the tumours grow too fast, they start running out of nutrients to keep building. They utilize this mitochondrial pathway that we describe to slow down for a moment, adapt, and expand their capacity to synthesize more blocks to build the cells.”

Caino said the next step will be to test her findings on animals with tumours of similar properties, to see if the tumours can not only be eradicated but also prevented altogether.

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer diagnosed in Australian men with 1 in 6 men being diagnosed with prostate cancer by the age of 85.

Early detection is imperative to beating prostate cancer and Australian researchers have also made innovative progress in preventing the cancer.

Researchers at RMIT University in Melbourne created a new artificial intelligence (AI) program that could help diagnose prostate cancer early.

“We’ve trained our software to see what the human eye can’t, with the aim of spotting prostate cancer through incidental detection,” RMIT’s Dr Ruwan Tennakoon said.

“It’s like training a sniffer dog. We can teach the AI to see things that we can’t with our own eyes, in the same way a dog can smell things human noses can’t.”

IMPORTANT LEGAL INFO This article is of a general nature and FYI only, because it doesn’t take into account your personal health requirements or existing medical conditions. That means it’s not personalised health advice and shouldn’t be relied upon as if it is. Before making a health-related decision, you should work out if the info is appropriate for your situation and get professional medical advice.

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