When you eat could affect your long term memory

A late night snack might be something you like occasionally, and it might seem harmless when you’re eating it, but new
Mind

A late night snack might be something you like occasionally, and it might seem harmless when you’re eating it, but new scientific research has shown that eating at times of sleep can alter your brain physiology.

New findings have been uncovered in mice that suggest that people who regularly eat when they should be sleeping could affect that areas of the brain that affect learning and memory according to the journal eLife.

Much research has already been done into the metabolic effects of eating at inappropriate hours, and it is well-recognised to lead to a pre-diabetic state.  But this is the first report that demonstrates that there might be cognitive impacts too.

“We have provided the first evidence that taking regular meals at the wrong time of day has far-reaching effects for learning and memory,” says first author Dawn Loh from the UCLA Laboratory of Circadian and Sleep Medicine.

“Since many people find themselves working or playing during times when they’d normally be asleep, it is important to know that this could dull some of the functions of the brain.”

The research results stress that these findings have not been confirmed in humans, but point out the fact that shift workers have been shown to perform less well on cognitive tests.  And the results were show to impact some learned behaviours more than others.

The most frightening result was a dramatic reduction in long term memory for mice fed when they would otherwise have been sleeping.  The same mice showed a significant reduction in the ability to recall recognition of a novel object.

Both these areas, the long-term memory and the ability to recognise a novel object are controlled by the same area of the brain, the hippocampus, which has an important role in our association of senses and experiences and their application to emotions.

Research showed that during an experience, nerve impulses are activated along specific pathways and, if we repeat the experience, the same pathways increase in strength. However, this effect was reduced when food was made available to mice during a six-hour window in the middle of their normal sleep time instead of a six-hour daytime window when the mice were active.

“Modern schedules can lead us to eat around the clock so it is important to understand how the timing of food can impact cogitation” says Professor Christopher Colwell from the Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences at UCLA.

“For the first time, we have shown that simply adjusting the time when food is made available alters the molecular clock in the hippocampus and can alter the cognitive performance of mice.”

The research showed that eating at the wrong time also disrupted sleep patterns. The inappropriate feeding schedule resulted in the loss of the normal day/night difference in the amount of sleep although the total time spent asleep over 24 hours was not changed. Sleep became fragmented, with the mice catching up on sleep by grabbing more short naps throughout the day and night.

Have you ever been one to eat when you should be sleeping?  

  1. Catharine Keevill

    This is an interesting study. The 2 friends I have with severe dementia,both ate “midnight” snacks and as they both knew each other used to “rib” each other about who ate healthier snacks.The healthy one saying a peanut butter and jam was healthier than the Donut the other chose! In my house after the dinner the dish washer is stacked and the kitchen is “closed”! Seeing this research I will definitely keep the Closed sign up!

  2. Julie Davies

    If I have to get up during the night, I won’t even look at the clock, let alone have a snack. A drink of water is all I need, then straight back to bed.

  3. Cheryl James

    Big breakfast, medium lunch, small dinner, & very small supper best way to eat. Nothing after 9pm. Wake up @ 6am keeps me healthy

  4. Ess Vee

    Allison Rexy Jeanette, Jess Vivian….Hmmm…so does this mean no snacking on sweet biscuits or cheese at midnight? 😉

  5. Rhoda Home  

    I am 88 and think I still have my intellectual function. (still use computer and Photoshop) I am diabetic and have a needed snack around 9pm. Was shift worker during my working years and ate accordingly – often midnight.

  6. Ann Drohan

    Sorry but this stuff is a very broad generalisation. Why would anyone believe it?

  7. Judith Watson

    Well shift workers like me have to have something to eat at night. So what then should we eat?

  8. Christa Caldecott

    Whatever next will they come up with? Every week they tell us something different. Bottom line is: they really haven’t got a clue but have to come up with something to keep us happy…or unhappy, as the case may be!

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