Scientists are working on a new “universal” flu vaccine they hope could one day replace annual shots altogether, and protect against the influenza A virus, currently spreading round the US.
Researchers at Georgia State University hope the new vaccine, if rolled out, would only need to be administered once or twice in someone’s life, the Mail Online reports.
Currently, people need to get a new flu vaccination every year, with each one developed to match the virus that scientists predict will infect people – and that can affect how much protection each one offers. In fact, according to the site, this year’s is only 34 percent effective against the H3N2 strain.
The new research, published in the journal Nature Communications, hopes to increase the reliability and reduce the amount of vaccines each person must have to protect themselves.
“We’re trying to develop a new vaccine approach that eliminates the need for vaccination every year,” associate professor Boazhong Wang explained to the site. “You wouldn’t need to change the vaccine type every year because it’s universal and can protect against any influenza virus.”
According to the site, the yearly flu jab targets protein “heads” which attack the body and make you feel ill. However, these can then mutate and create new strains, meaning the original vaccine is no longer effective.
Researchers have now used “double-layered protein nanoparticles” instead, to create longer-lasting immunity.
Testing the product for the first time, the team immunised mice twice with it, before exposing them to A viruses including H1N1, H3N2, H5N1 and H7N9. The tests found the vaccine provided complete protection, while reducing the virus in the lungs.
However, this is a long way from being ready, and is yet to be tested on humans. Mr Wang urged people to still get the current flu vaccine, as it is expected to continue for several weeks.
While the new developments appear more promising than ever, infectious disease experts are reportedly sceptical over whether a vaccine will ever be able to fully protect against the flu.
The current aggressive strain of the virus has already killed 37 children and left thousands hospitalised, the Mail Online reports.
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